What is The Differences between Axon and Dendrite

Differences between Axon and Dendrite

The nerve cell has two very distinct and important components called axons and dendrites. These two parts of the cell are responsible for relaying electrical signals with other nerve cells.

1. Neurite. It is a single elongated neurite formed from a cell body.

2. Ends. Its ends are knobbed.

3. Neurilemma. An axon is covered by a sheath called neurilemma.

4. Inclusions. It contains only neurofibrils. Nissl granules are absent.

5. Impulse. It carries impulses away from the cell body

1. A number of short neurites develop from a cell body.

2. Its ends are tapering or depressed.

3. A covering sheath is absent.

4. It possesses both Nissl granules and neurofibrils.

5. It carries impulse towards the cell body.