The Palas (800 CE-1200 CE)

The Palas (800 CE-1200 CE)

The Pala Dynasty was founded by Gopala. He was an elected king chosen by the nobles because the previous ruler had died issueless. His capital was at Pataliputra. Dharamapala and Devapala were the famous rulers of this dynasty. They extended and consolidated the Pala empire. They ruled around the regions of Bihar, Bengal and parts of Orissa and Assam with many ups and downs for over four Gold coins of Dharamapala centuries. In the middle of the 12th Century CE, Vijayasena founded the Sena dynasty and defeated the Palas. Later, the Senas lost their Kingdom to Bakhtiyar Khiliji at the end of 12th Century.

The Palas were great patrons of learning and religions. Dharampala founded the famous Buddhist monastery at Vikramshila. Nalanda and Vikramshila Universities became important centres for higher learning. In addition, during the Palas reign, the fame of Nalanda University spread all over the world.