Meaning of ATOMISM AND HOLISM

Meaning of ATOMISM AND HOLISM:

Atomism is the approach that looks at society as being made up of individual units or atoms that interact with each other. According to this approach, any study of society should focus on these individual units and the meanings they give to their actions. This perspective is prominent among interactionist theorists. A contrary view to atomism is holism that focusses on society in totality rather than on each unit. As a representative of this view, Emile Durkheim perceived the totality as more than the sum total of its parts. A war, for instance, is not just a sum total of the war like nature of individuals.