Geographical influence on Indian history

Geographical influence on Indian history

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The influence of the Geographical Features on Indian History can be seen in different regions. The Great Himalayas in the north, always proved a barrier against the foreign invasion. But the mountain passes like the ‘Khyber’ and the ‘Bolan’ allowed travellers and invaders to enter India through the north-west. As a result number of changes took place in political, social and economic spheres in the medieval period. The invaders took advantage of the political instability after the death of king Harsha and established their kingdoms in India. The main invading tribes who came to India were the Turks, Afghans, Persian and the Mongols. These invaders mainly the Turks and the Mongols, had a strong impact on Indians culture and traditions.

Many cities and towns were located on the Northern Plains, where the Ganga, the Yamuna and other rivers flowed. These fertile plains became centre of great significance for many

In the Southern Region, the Vindhyas and the Satpuras acted as a barrier. Hence, there were only few rulers in the Deccan and the South who developed their own unique culture. The regions of the Cholas and the Pandyas had long coastlines, therefore, they developed strong navies and established their kingdom across the Indian Ocean.